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Identify an individual or group in sport that has been subjected to some form of oppression or injustice, and to describe social actions taken by the individual or group in their struggles for greater equality and power. In the paper, outline the arguments made by those who attempted to resist change. Tie whatever issues they raise with larger social issues outside of sport, and describe how the actions taken by the chosen individual or group have or have not affected American society and culture. Some suggested topics might involve individuals or groups that have been confronted by oppressive or unjust practices/policies related to issues of race/ethnicity, class, gender, sexual orientation, religion, disability, or age. You are allowed to draw from the entire history of American sport for this assignment. THIS IS A PROPER SCHOLALRY RESEARCH PAPER. Choose topics from the following ONLY!
======Possible Topics======= NOTE: content focus on the sport in United States!!!!
The development of professional player unions
History of amateurism vs. professionalism in U.S. pro sport, labor rights, class issues, and free agency
Physical activity and the pandemic of obesity
Play Pump and international humanitarian efforts through sport
Violence in high school sport and reform
Gender discrimination in sport, Title IX, and growth/challenges in female sports
Female athletes and media representations
Representations of Black athletes and the media
Representations of Latino baseball players and the media
Latino baseball players and labor exploitation
Athlete labor exploitation and rights and the NCAA
Disabled athletes, visibility, and equal access to sport
Olympic reform movements and athlete power, administrator surveillance
Socioeconomic class and access to sport, youth and adult recreational
Historical analysis of racism in a particular sport and social action
Neo-fascism, European soccer, and anti-racist movements
Sports, youth, and war refugees (Eastern Europe, Africa, and/or Middle East)
Lack of minority coaches, Ads and administrators, affirmative action, and equal opportunity in professional and college sport
Hegemonic masculinity, locker room violence, bullying, and sport in elementary and secondary schools
5– 7 pages of text, not including title and reference pages
cite at least FIVE (5) primary sources (i.e. academic journal articles, etc.) in the paper (APA Style).
12 pt. font, APA style, black ink, times new roman font style, white paper, indent new paragraphs, use paragraph breaks
APA is written in past tense whenever possible, Need to have in-text citations for any material noted on the reference page
Double space lines of text
Inside the paper - main section titles are good for organization (e.g. section title…Moving Toward Change: Social Action in H.S. Sport)
Brief, clear, and concise writing; write with academic, formal voice
No more than 3 direct referenced quotes in paper
Read and follow in detail the paper guidelines; see grading rubric for specifics; see webct handout on personal inq. paper details
Try to avoid overuse of it, they; make sure tenses agree; use of I in this paper is OK