The Complete Guide To Node.Js Frameworks

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Node.js is a free open source framework that runs on different platforms such as Linux, Windows, and Mac OS X. It evolves on the V8 JavaScript engine from Chrome. This allows development of scalable and fast applications for both servers and desktops. Node.js runs under non-blocking I/O, event-driven structure and is therefore efficient and light compared to various threaded servers such as IIS, Java, and Apache. Which frameworks are available for the Node.js? This article will take a comprehensive look into this.

Contemporary JavaScript frameworks utilize programming concepts from other languages such as model view controller. This is advantageous because the framework helps manage intercommunication between code sections. Programmers are able to write their preferred application code, while the framework integrates the app component with one that compiles and converts input. With JavaScript, programmers are able to execute programs using numerous architectural patterns. This is because JavaScript can run both on the client and the web server with Node.js.

Understanding model view controller

Model view controller (MVC) is a pattern used for software designing. It consists of three components which play different roles, as seen below.

The model defines an application’s behavior according to rules, logic, and data. It is the principal component and is independent of all user interfaces programmers may develop.

  • The view regulates representation and tabular data output, which the user will be able to see

  • The controller acquires and translates requests from the user

The model view component highlights interactions between components, as shown below.

  • The model stores all data that appears in the view. In addition, when the controller requires it to restore data, it will proceed to store it

  • The view will produce output depending on the changes that take place in the model

  • The controller modifies the state of the model. It is also likely to modify the model’s presentation view.

Node.js has become quite popular among programmers. This has given rise to various frameworks which can enhance the development of web applications. Below are some of the best Node.js frameworks available.


Express is one of the most commonly used frameworks in Node.js. It is flexible and small, yet capable of handling huge projects. It functions efficiently and does not change basic Node.js characteristics.


Diet is a small but fast modular Node.js framework ideal for developing rapid scalable APIs and apps. The diet model does not require extra modifications or modules in order to back virtual hosting. Diet server structures play the role of a virtual host by listening from varying ports. During the development of HTTP(S), Node.js comes with a response and a request. Diet integrates the two components to form an individual object which illustrates by the $ sign.


Flatiron can either be a full stack framework that consists of various tools for easy development of applications, or a drive to facilitate the creation of high quality programming tools. Individuals can use flatiron as a network server by requiring it, defining routes, making use of http plug-ins, and launching the application.


Hapi comes with inbuilt reinforcement for validating input, authenticating, and caching.  It is easy to use, and convenient. Hapi applies a prescriptive modular concept to allow developers to write reusable applications.


Koa incorporates generators in order to enhance the handling of errors. It also eliminates middleware to make way for a rapid and scalable operation. It is small yet expressive, and allows for a more dynamic base for APIs and web applications.


Locomotive is compatible with RESTful routes, convention across configuration such as Rails, and MVC patterns. It is capable of integrating with various templates and database engines. Locomotive incorporates a Ruby On Rails type of model on Express, while displaying embedded JavaScript files. It also backs other Express template engines such as Jade. Routes regulate the REST process. Developers are able to use any ORM level or database using locomotive.

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Total.js is a fully fledged, server based Node.js framework. Its platform contains various packages, products, and libraries. It is skeptical when it comes to client server frameworks, IDEs, and databases. It comes with Sinatra-like features in its modular.

Rails-like MVC frameworks for Node.js


Adonis has a thin inversion of control that allows individuals to mock and restore dependencies. It creates a project using each essential dependency through a CLI tool. It has various features such as a lucid ORM, JWT, fundamental authentication, an authentication layer complete with sessions and private API tokens.


CompoundJS uses Express + structure + extensions in its definitions. The basic directory layout is the model, and Node.js modules are the extensions. These enhance the performance of the framework with the aim of ensuring a systematic interface to allow for the development of Express applications. Basically, all components that are compatible with Express can integrate with compoundJS.


Geddy framework ensures Node.js execution using MVC in a Rail-like similar method. It also lets developers obtain a REPL console from an apps context, create apps using a generator script and support scaffolding. Scaffolding can produce Handlebars, Jade, Swig, and EJS templates.


Kraken is an open source framework which is capable of stretching Express and allowing for convention and structure. While it is the principal pillar, developers can use other modules such as Kappa, Lusca, Adaro and Makara. It is the responsibility of the developer to create projects. However, it formulates them into common Rails-like lists that incorporate config., controllers and models. Kraken relies on Express to become a standard middleware which is an app. Every Kraken course dwells within individual files on the controller's file.

Full-stack frameworks for Node.js


Catberry utilizes flux data architecture, components, and optimized lateral radical rendering to create comprehensive front-end applications. Developers define Catberry.js as an isomorphic framework. These types of frameworks use a similar codebase on the client and server to render what users view in a mono-page app.

Additionally, it backs SEO. The flux-like architecture lays out strategies on how to utilize components/views, data sources, and stores. Catberry is dynamic, with a highly functional architecture that makes it easy for developers to build huge and complex apps featuring numerous data dependencies.


Meteor is a fully-fledged app platform. It enables developers to create instant web and mobile apps in JavaScript using a single code base. Meteor does not send HTML through the wire; it obtains data from the server and sends it to the client for them to render. While it runs as a standalone, it is capable of integrating with React and Angular, as well as reinforcing the MVC pattern. It is possible to produce cross platforms such as iOS, Android and web with Meteor. It also enables one to conduct fast prototyping.

REST API frameworks for Node.js


Loopback is an extensile Node.js framework. It allows users to build powerful end-to-end REST APIs with minimal or no coding required. Loopback can acquire data from MySQL, Oracle, SQL Server, PostgreSQL, SOAP, and MongoDB. It is capable of acquiring management for intricate APIs and involving model relationships. With LoopBack, users can develop client apps using Angular SDKs, iOS, and Android. They can also utilize inbuilt push, file services, and geolocation for mobile applications. LoopBack contains Yeoman generators used to scaffold apps, a library full of Node.js modules, command-line equipment for creating apps, data sources, and models and client SDKs for iOS.

Other Node.js libraries


Connect is an extensile HTTP framework for Node.js. It utilizes middleware plug-ins, and provides developers with an easy method of fixing middleware to facilitate requests. 


Cyclon.js is a framework from JavaScript that supports physical computing, robotics, and IOT (internet of things). It supports over 43 platforms including mono-board computers such as Raspberry Pi, Arduino, and some drones and transports. With Cyclon, developers can easily command devices and robots. Users are able to run Cyclon.js on a browser with the help of Browserify NPM module, in a PhoneGap enabled mobile app, or in Chrome enabled app.


Node.js frameworks are convenient, and make it easier for developers to develop both desktop and mobile-enabled applications. There are numerous Node.js frameworks on the market and more will be out following extensive tech advancements.

Have you got any questions, suggestions, or comments? Leave them in the comment section below.

Posted 18 November, 2017


Software Developer

Lucy is the Development & Programming Correspondent for She is currently based in Sydney.

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