Please produce a 1200~1400 word essay that discusses each of the following points:
1. Briefly describing the research carried out
2. Highlighting the ethical issues that arose – criminal, misconduct, unethical, “honest
3. Which points on Resnik’s ethical list have been violated?
Honesty: strive for honesty in all scientific communications. Honestly report data, results, methods
and procedures, and publication status. Do not fabricate, falsify, or misrepresent data. Do not deceive
colleagues, research sponsors, or the public.
Objectivity: strive to avoid bias in experimental design, data analysis, data interpretation, peer review
and other aspects of research where objectivity is expected or required. Avoid or minimize bias or self deception. Disclose personal or financial interests that may affect research.
Integrity: keep your promises and agreements; act with sincerity; strive for consistency of thought
Carefulness: avoid careless errors and negligence; carefully and critically examine your own work and
the work of your peers. Keep good records of research activities, such as data collection, research
design, and correspondence with agencies or journals.
Openness: share data, results, ideas, tools, resources. Be open to criticism and new ideas.
Respect for intellectual property: honor patents, copyrights, and other forms of intellectual property.
Do not use unpublished data, methods, or results without permission. Give proper acknowledgement
or credit for all contributions to research. Never plagiarize.
Confidentiality: protect confidential materials such as papers or grants submitted for publication and
Responsible publication: publish in order to advance research and scholarship, not to advance just
your own career. Avoid wasteful and duplicative publication.
Responsible mentoring: help to educate, mentor, and advise students. Promote their welfare and
allow them to make their own decisions. Do not exploit them.
Respect for colleagues: respect your colleagues and treat them fairly.
Social responsibility: strive to promote social good and prevent or mitigate social harms through
research, public education, and advocacy.
Non-discrimination: avoid discrimination against colleagues or students based on gender, race,
ethnicity, or any other factors not related to scientific competence and integrity.
Competence: maintain and improve your own professional competence and expertise through
lifelong education and learning; take steps to promote competence in science as a whole.
Legality: know and conform to relevant laws and institutional and governmental policies.
Animal Care: show proper respect and care for animals when using them in research. Do not conduct
unnecessary or poorly designed animal experiments.
Human-subject protection: when conducting research on human subjects, minimize harm and risks
and maximize benefits; respect human dignity, privacy, and autonomy; take special precautions with
vulnerable populations; and strive to distribute the benefits and burdens of research fairly.
4. What could have been done better? How could the issues have been avoided?
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