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server will only boot in rescue mode

This is from 1 and 1 email I have a dedicated server and it would not load up plesk yesterday they told me to reboot now it wont boot up in local mode. only in rescue.

It was backed up daily in plesk to the server drive. but i do not wont to mess it up as alot of work have gone into my sites by me recently.

((((email from 1 and 1))))

"Hi I have tried that now the server doesnt respond at all."

I have checked on your server and see it does not boot into local mode,

however I was able to boot into the rescue system and verified that there

are no hardware related causes, also your servers filesystems, MD RAID, LVM,

boot loader, and network config are all correct, however it will still not

boot into local mode.

I esculated it to our server hardware technicians and they could not

determine any hardware cause.

Therefore we have booted the server back into rescue mode and it is

accessible on the network now:

((((not sure if the below is nessecary if i have back up files already on server but would rather be save than lose stuff))))

I would recommend to backup your data and reimage the server to bring it

back to a functional state.

There are many backup strategies and tools to assist with the task, the

following is what I would recommend:

In the examples below only type what is between the tick marks '....' , and

replace as appropriate anything between and including the angle brackets


I give no guarentee of the accuracy of this method, if in doubt test it

first, and always check the manual page for each command 'man 1 <command>',

try 'man 1 man' to get started.

1 > make sure you are in the base directory: 'cd

/var/www/vhosts/<[url removed, login to view]>/'

2.1 > give each archive file a unique name, something like


2.2> for the date I use: $(date +%F%a%H%M%Z)

2.3> example: '$(date +%F%a%H%M%Z).tar'

3 > check the size of the target directory first 'cd

/var/www/vhosts/[url removed, login to view] && du -hs ./httpdocs'

4 > use the 'tar' command to create an archive of the whole directory

'tar -cf <[url removed, login to view]>-httpdocs+$(date +%F%a%H%M%Z).tar ./httpdocs'

5 > (optionaly) if the total size of the directory is bigger then 2GB, then

I would use the 'split' command to divide the archive

into chunks of 2GB max (this makes ftp transfers less agonizing)

'split -b 2G ./<archive-name>.tar ./<archive-name>.tar.'

(notice the final dot, the split command will output as

'<archive-name>.[url removed, login to view]',

where the 'nn' is a number 00, 01, etc. each 2G in size except the

last chunk.)

6.1 > compress the archive with the 'bzip2' command: 'bzip2 -v

<archive-name>.tar', now the file will have the extension '.bz2' (ie:

<archive-name>.[url removed, login to view]

6.2 > or if you used split above you can either compress each file

seperately, or use this to do them all:

'for i in $(ls <archive-name>.tar.*); do bzip2 -v $i ;done'

7 > upload to your backup space.

When restoring reverse the process:

1 > make sure you are in the base directory: 'cd

/var/www/vhosts/[url removed, login to view]'

2 > download your backup archive(s).

3a > to uncompress the archive 'bunzip2 -v <archive-name>.[url removed, login to view]'

3b > or if you used the split method: 'for i in $(ls *.bz2); do bunzip2 -v

$i ;done'

4 > (optional) if you used the 'split' method, you need to put all the parts

back together:

'cat <archive-name>.tar.* > <archive-name>.tar'

(Note that there is a single 'greater then' character '>' between

'.tar.*' and '<archive-name>.tar'.)

5 > extract the archive: 'tar -xfv <archive-name>.tar'

Skills: Linux, Plesk

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