Top Software Engineer Skills for Today's Job Market
Having these talents and technical abilities can make you more marketable to employers
Computers touch nearly every part of life. For that, you can thank software engineers. If you're hoping to excel in this industry, you will need to keep up your software engineer skills, since you'll be responsible for developing, designing, testing, writing, modifying, and debugging software based off specific requirements. To satisfy the world’s ever-growing interest in new and better computer programs, a whole lot of software engineers will be hired in the coming years.
“The industry evolves quickly, so you have to keep your skills current,” says Anima Anandkumar, professor of computing and mathematical sciences at Caltech.
Although there are plenty of full-time software engineering jobs out there, it can also be a flexible position, with contracting and freelancing opportunities commonly available. Looking to outshine the competition for any of many thousands of software engineer jobs on Monster? You’ll want to focus on developing these core [login to view URL] Programming and Coding
Anandkumar says this is one of the fundamental soft engineering skills. “Computer programming focuses on algorithms, which have become a part of our daily lives,” she says. There are a number of computer programming languages, and job requirements can vary depending on the position you’re applying for. Coding bootcamp website Coding Dojo says the five of the most in-demand programming languages are:
The good news is these skills can be acquired through online courses or tutorials that teach programming languages, says Christine Julien, software engineering professor at the University of Texas at Austin. That may explain why the coding school industry continues to grow rapidly..
Software development entails being able to analyze users’ needs and then design, test, and develop software to meet those needs. College students can gain experience in this area by taking relevant coursework and completing an internship at a software company. Software engineer skills can also be honed by working with real systems and among other high-caliber software engineers, Julien says.
Software developer jobs are projected to increase by a whopping 22% over the next decade, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reports. One driving force behind this rapid job growth is the advent of new applications on smartphones and tablets. Also, more computer systems are being built into consumer electronics.
Object - Oriented Design ( OOD )
“For the last 30 years, there has been a very strong push toward programming using object-oriented design,” says David Garlan, professor of computer science at Carnegie Mellon University and co-author of Software Architecture: Perspectives on an Emerging Discipline. This approach involves the process of planning a system of interacting objects for the purpose of solving a software problem.
Object-oriented design encompasses four key principles:
If these sound like foreign concepts to you, don't worry—online courses through platforms like Coursera and Udemy can equip you with basic knowledge of OOD principles.
Software Testing and Debugging
Although many new artificial intelligence (AI) programs are focusing on automating software testing and debugging, job seekers still need these skills, Anandkumar says.
Indeed, testing and debugging account for a large share of the time and cost of a software project, Julien says. “They're also skills that become a little more like art than generating lines of code,” she says. Software testing and debugging require you to think analytically about how a system is put together.
There are software testing and debugging classes online, but “these skills are more craft that require honing through